There are multiple genres available to choose from, but it advisable to write the type of books that you’re most likely to read. This is because you will already have absorbed some of the skills required simply by reading regularly, following a storyline through to its conclusion and noting how your favourite authors were able to progress the story and create larger than life characters in the process.
Let’s look at the Genres:
Historical Fiction – is set in a specific period of history, the story revolves around the lives of ordinary people but many involve actual published events of the time.
Mystery Fiction – contains elements of a traditional novel, following the characters as they try to unravel any obstacles, detailing the struggle while in mysterious surroundings. This requires good characterisation.
Mainstream Fiction – focuses on characters that battle to overcome conflicts while providing greater attention to detail regarding settings and background.
Adventure Story – the action is the most vital component, overshadowing either the setting or characters. Often, the writer pits the characters against nature, but murder or espionage is also possible. The pace is face and driven.
Psychological Novel – focuses on why events happen, more than how or what happened. Character development includes emotional or mental traits, so that the reader has a sneak peek into the mindset of the protagonist or antagonist.
Romance Novels – Romance escalates between two or more individuals, and the story follows the subsequent roller coaster of emotion as true love tries to find a way past a series of obstacles.
Biographical Novel – resembles historical fiction apart from the fact that those characters in a biographical novel are real, I.e., have lived.
Fictional Biography – captures the biographical data of a real person, but the story added to through the imagination of the writer.
Horror – Not just tales of murder, carnage or bloodied bodies. True horror provides physical or psychological fear with intense atmosphere, suspense and terror.
Science Fiction – takes elements from technology and science, using these as the foundation for the story setting or to evoke conflict.
Fantasy Novels – Don't confuse fantasy and sci-fi, typically, fantasy stories rarely contain science but instead, the writer will look to use magic and myth within the storyline.
Techno-Thriller – Not dissimilar to traditional thriller, technology is the main focus and is crucial to the development of the plot.
Literary genres are categories that distinguish literature based on some set of stylistic criteria. Sharing literary conventions, they typically consist of similarities in theme, topic, style, tropes, and storytelling devices, common settings and character types. (Wikipedia)
A subgenre is a more specific category, that is a subdivision of a larger genre. Subgenres stem from the three primary forms of literature: Poetry, Drama, and Prose.