Fantasy is a category of fiction stories under speculative fiction or ‘spec-fic’. Other types of speculative fiction include horror, supernatural fiction, and science fiction.
Speculative fiction is a broad category of fiction encompassing genres with certain elements that are non-existent in terms of reality; fairies, ghosts, fictional planets, etc. It demonstrates a set of features that set it apart from other ‘spec-fic’ types.
Subgenres of Fantasy:
High fantasy – A sub-genre of the boarder category of fantasy which is characterized by extravagant characters and a fictional world; usually extensively detailed.
Low fantasy – Another sub-genre in which magical events intrude on an otherwise-normal world.
Urban fantasy – A type of fantasy fiction set in a real-world urban setting.
Dark fantasy – Incorporates darker and frightening themes of fantasy.
Portal fantasy – In portal fantasy, a person is transported from one world to another by some sort of magic.
Fairy tale – Fairy-tale fantasy is distinguished from other subgenres of fantasy by the heavy use of motifs or plots from folklore.
Paranormal fantasy – Includes beings and phenomena that are outside the realm of normal scientific understanding.
Elements of fantasy:
We shall take each element of fantasy apart and explain what their purpose is over the next few instalments.