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Fantasy writing

Fantasy writing

Fantasy is a category of fiction stories under speculative fiction or ‘spec-fic’. Other types of speculative fiction include horror, supernatural fiction, and science fiction.

Speculative fiction is a broad category of fiction encompassing genres with certain elements that are non-existent in terms of reality; fairies, ghosts, fictional planets, etc. It demonstrates a set of features that set it apart from other ‘spec-fic’ types.


Subgenres of Fantasy:


  • High fantasy – A sub-genre of the boarder category of fantasy which is characterized by extravagant characters and a fictional world; usually extensively detailed.


  • Low fantasy – Another sub-genre in which magical events intrude on an otherwise-normal world.


  • Urban fantasy – A type of fantasy fiction set in a real-world urban setting.


  • Dark fantasy – Incorporates darker and frightening themes of fantasy.


  • Portal fantasy – In portal fantasy, a person is transported from one world to another by some sort of magic.


  • Fairy tale – Fairy-tale fantasy is distinguished from other subgenres of fantasy by the heavy use of motifs or plots from folklore.


  • Paranormal fantasy – Includes beings and phenomena that are outside the realm of normal scientific understanding.


Elements of fantasy:


  • Magic system

  • Developed setting

  • Complex characters

  • Central conflict

  • Power structure


We shall take each element of fantasy apart and explain what their purpose is over the next few instalments.




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